Environmental sustainability is the idea that the resources of the environment should be used in a way that they can sustain the life of future generations. According to this principle people should design their societies in such a way that meet their energy needs and at the same time protect the ecosystems. Possible ways to achieve this are: using water sustainably, investing in renewable sources of energy and using the natural resources reasonably.
An unsustainable development is when the natural resources of the Earth are used faster than they can be replenished. Theoretically the continuing environmental degradation can lead to serious natural destruction. Such destruction on a global scale can cause serious problems to the survival of the most underprivileged and vulnerable groups of our planet. If the degradation continues, this will inevitably affect everyone.
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Sustainable development is the development that ensures the economic needs of human societies without undermining the balance of the ecosystems. It is an organizing principle for life on a planet that has limited resources.Through sustainable development future generations can live on a healthy planet while at the same time enjoy economic growth.
At the 1970’s sustainable development was described as a way of living that would ensure the natural balance and give to all people equal access to water, food and sanitation. The term became widely used in the 1987 report “Our Common Future”. In this report it was mentioned that sustainable development is the “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. Sustainable development has been divided into three categories: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability and social sustainability.
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